Returns a new DesignMatrix in which the columns have been median-subtracted and sigma-divided.

For each column in the matrix, this method will subtract the median of the column and divide by the column’s standard deviation, i.e. it will compute the column’s so-called “standard scores” or “z-values”.

This operation is useful because it will make the matrix easier to visualize and makes fitted coefficients easier to interpret.

Notes: * Standardizing a spline design matrix will break the splines. * Columns with constant values (i.e. zero standard deviation) will be left unchanged.


A new design matrix with median-subtracted & sigma-divided columns.